Gamma knife radiosurgery in children
52 pediatric patients were treated with radiosurgery at the University of California, San Francisco. Arteriovenous malformations were treated in 27 patients. Complete obliteration was noted in 4 of 12 patients imaged more than 2 years after radiosurgery. Arteriovenous malformation rebleed was noted in 1 patient. Symptomatic T2 changes were noted in 2 patients. Among 29 neoplasms treated in 25 patients, local control was noted in 5 of 7 low-grade gliomas, 5 of 14 high-grade gliomas, 4 of 5 craniopharyngiomas and 3 of 3 sarcomas. Three patients treated for neoplasms developed necrosis after radiosurgery.