Anti-MAG and anti-SGPG antibodies in neuropathy
We compared the binding of human antibodies from patients with neuropathy to the myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG), to its cross-reactive glycolipid sulfoglucuronyl paragloboside (SGPG), and to sections of peripheral nerve. Titers were correlated with the clinical presentation and results of electrophysiological and pathological studies. Most patients had a predominantly sensory or sensorimotor demyelinating neuropathy and highly elevated antibodies to both MAG and SGPG, but 2 had highly elevated antibodies to MAG alone, and 1 to SGPG alone. Two patients had predominantly motor neuropathy and highly elevated antibodies to SGPG which reacted with MAG by Western blot but not by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. One patient had amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and antibodies to SGPG but not to MAG. These studies indicate that the neuropathic syndrome associated with anti-MAG or -SGPG antibodies are more heterogeneous than previously suspected, and that although most of the antibodies react with both MAG and SGPG, some may react with MAG or SGPG alone.