Antibiotic-Induced Shifts in Fecal Microbiota Density and Composition during Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation Academic Article uri icon


MeSH Major

  • Gene Expression Regulation, Leukemic
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell
  • Models, Statistical
  • Phospholipase C gamma
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
  • Receptors, Antigen, B-Cell
  • Signal Transduction


  • Dramatic microbiota changes and loss of commensal anaerobic bacteria are associated with adverse outcomes in hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) recipients. In this study, we demonstrate these dynamic changes at high resolution through daily stool sampling and assess the impact of individual antibiotics on those changes. We collected 272 longitudinal stool samples (with mostly daily frequency) from 18 patients undergoing HCT and determined their composition by multiparallel 16S rRNA gene sequencing as well as the density of bacteria in stool by quantitative PCR (qPCR). We calculated microbiota volatility to quantify rapid shifts and developed a new dynamic systems inference method to assess the specific impact of antibiotics. The greatest shifts in microbiota composition occurred between stem cell infusion and reconstitution of healthy immune cells. Piperacillin-tazobactam caused the most severe declines among obligate anaerobes. Our approach of daily sampling, bacterial density determination, and dynamic systems modeling allowed us to infer the independent effects of specific antibiotics on the microbiota of HCT patients.

publication date

  • September 2019



  • Academic Article



  • eng

PubMed Central ID

  • PMC6704593

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1128/IAI.00206-19

PubMed ID

  • 31262981

Additional Document Info


  • 87


  • 9