Ischemic Optic Neuropathy Secondary to Intravascular Lymphoma
Patients with IVL may rarely present with optic nerve involvement, presumably due to small vessel occlusion. The presentation may mimic features of anterior ischemic optic neuropathy including an acute onset and disc edema. Although optic nerve enhancement and associated white matter lesions may suggest optic neuritis, enhancement of the optic nerve sheath, as in this case, has a wide differential diagnosis, which includes giant cell arteritis. IVL should be considered in atypical cases of optic neuropathy accompanied by enhancing, diffusion-positive brain lesions that are not within a specific vascular territory.