Dual-Pharmacophore Pyrithione-Containing Cephalosporins Kill Both Replicating and Nonreplicating Mycobacterium tuberculosis Academic Article uri icon


MeSH Major

  • Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders
  • Bone Density
  • Bone and Bones


  • © 2019 American Chemical Society. The historical view of β-lactams as ineffective antimycobacterials has given way to growing interest in the activity of this class against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) in the presence of a β-lactamase inhibitor. However, most antimycobacterial β-lactams kill Mtb only or best when the bacilli are replicating. Here, a screen of 1904 β-lactams led to the identification of cephalosporins substituted with a pyrithione moiety at C3′ that are active against Mtb under both replicating and nonreplicating conditions, neither activity requiring a β-lactamase inhibitor. Studies showed that activity against nonreplicating Mtb required the in situ release of the pyrithione, independent of the known class A β-lactamase, BlaC. In contrast, replicating Mtb could be killed both by released pyrithione and by the parent β-lactam. Thus, the antimycobacterial activity of pyrithione-containing cephalosporins arises from two mechanisms that kill mycobacteria in different metabolic states.

publication date

  • August 9, 2019



  • Academic Article



  • eng

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1021/acsinfecdis.9b00112

PubMed ID

  • 31184461

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 1433

end page

  • 1445


  • 5


  • 8