Phase 1b study of venetoclax-obinutuzumab in previously untreated and relapsed/refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia
Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell
© 2019 by The American Society of Hematology. This single-arm, open-label, phase 1b study evaluated the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of venetoclax when given with obinutuzumab and its safety and tolerability in patients with relapsed/refractory (R/R) or previously untreated (first line [1L]) chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Venetoclax dose initially was escalated (100-400 mg) in a 3 + 3 design to define MTD combined with standard-dose obinutuzumab. Patients received venetoclax (schedule A) or obinutuzumab (schedule B) first to compare safety and determine dose/schedule for expansion. Venetoclax-obinutuzumab was administered for 6 cycles, followed by venetoclax monotherapy until disease progression (R/R) or fixed duration 1-year treatment (1L). Fifty R/R and 32 1L patients were enrolled. No dose-limiting toxicities were observed. Safety, including incidence of tumor lysis syndrome (TLS), did not differ between schedules (2 laboratory TLSs per schedule). Schedule B and a 400-mg dose of venetoclax were chosen for expansion. The most common grade 3-4 adverse event was neutropenia (R/R, 58% of patients; 1L, 53%). Rates of grade 3-4 infections were 29% (R/R) and 13% (1L); no fatal infections occurred in 1L. All infusion-related reactions were grade 1-2, except for 2 grade 3 events. No clinical TLS was observed. Overall best response rate was 95% in R/R (complete response [CR]/CR with incomplete marrow recovery [CRi], 37%) and 100% in 1L (CR/CRi, 78%) patients. Rate of undetectable (<10-4) minimal residual disease (uMRD) in peripheral blood for R/R and 1L patients, respectively, was 64% and 91% ≥3 months after last obinutuzumab dose. Venetoclax and obinutuzumab therapy had an acceptable safety profile and elicited durable responses and high rates of uMRD. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT01685892.
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