Outcomes of natalizumab treatment within 3 years of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis diagnosis: A prespecified 2-year interim analysis of STRIVE Academic Article uri icon

Overview

MeSH Major

  • Anti-Dyskinesia Agents
  • Botulinum Toxins
  • Hemifacial Spasm

abstract

  • © 2019 The Author(s). Background: STRIVE is a multicenter, observational, open-label, single-arm study of natalizumab in anti-JC virus (JCV) seronegative patients with early relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). The objective of this prespecified 2-year interim analysis was to determine the effectiveness of natalizumab in establishing and maintaining no evidence of disease activity (NEDA) in early RRMS. Methods: Patients aged 18-65 years had an RRMS diagnosis < 3 years prior to screening, an Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score ≤ 4.0, and anti-JCV antibody negative status. Magnetic resonance imaging was performed at baseline and yearly thereafter. Cumulative probabilities of 24-week-confirmed EDSS worsening and improvement were evaluated at 2 years. NEDA (no 24-week-confirmed EDSS worsening, no relapses, no gadolinium-enhancing lesions, and no new/newly enlarging T2-hyperintense lesions) was evaluated over 2 years. The Symbol Digit Modalities Test (SDMT) and Multiple Sclerosis Impact Score (MSIS-29) were assessed at baseline and 1 and 2 years. Statistical analysis used summary statistics and frequency distributions. Results: The study population (N = 222) had early RRMS, with mean (standard deviation [SD]) time since diagnosis of 1.6 (0.77) years and mean (SD) baseline EDSS score of 2.0 (1.13). NEDA was achieved in 105 of 187 patients (56.1%) during year 1 and 120 of 163 (73.6%) during year 2. Over 2 years, 76 of 171 patients (44.4%) attained overall NEDA. Probabilities of 24-week-confirmed EDSS worsening and improvement were 14.1% and 28.4%, respectively. After 2 years, patients exhibited significant improvements from baseline in SDMT (n = 158; mean [SD]: 4.3 [11.8]; p < 0.001) and MSIS-29 physical (n = 153; mean [SD]: - 3.9 [14.7]; p = 0.001), psychological (n = 152; mean [SD]: - 2.0 [7.9]; p < 0.001), and quality-of-life (n = 153; mean [SD]: - 6.0 [21.3]; p < 0.001) scores. Conclusions: These results support natalizumab's effectiveness over 2 years, during which nearly half of early RRMS patients achieved NEDA. During year 2, nearly 75% of patients exhibited NEDA. Over 2 years, patients continued to experience significant cognitive and quality-of-life benefits. These results are limited by the lack of a comparator group to determine the extent of a placebo effect.

publication date

  • June 8, 2019

Research

keywords

  • Academic Article

Identity

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1186/s12883-019-1337-z

Additional Document Info

volume

  • 19

number

  • 1