Effectiveness of Shared Decision-Making for Elderly Depressed Minority Primary Care Patients
© 2019 American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry Objective: The authors assessed the impact of a shared decision-making (SDM) intervention among elderly depressed minority primary care patients not currently receiving treatment. Methods: A total of 202 English and Spanish-speaking primary care participants aged 65 and older who scored positive on the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (≥10) were randomized at the physician level to receive a brief SDM intervention or usual care (UC). Primary analyses focused on patient adherence to either psychotherapy or antidepressant medication, and reduction in depression severity (Hamilton Depression Rating Scale) over 12 weeks. Results: Patients randomized to physicians in the SDM condition were significantly more likely than patients of physicians randomized to UC to receive a mental health evaluation or initiate some form of treatment (39% versus 21%), and to adhere to psychotherapy visits over 12 weeks. There were no differences between groups in adherence to antidepressant medication or in reduction of depressive symptoms. Conclusion: Among untreated elderly depressed minority patients from an inner-city municipal hospital, a brief SDM intervention was associated with greater initiation and adherence to psychotherapy. However, low treatment adherence rates across both groups and the intervention's lack of impact on clinical outcomes highlight the need to provide focused and accessible mental health services to patients choosing active treatments.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)