Safety and tolerability of comprehensive research bronchoscopy in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease results from the SPIROMICS bronchoscopy substudy
Endothelial Growth Factors
Gene Expression Regulation
Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
A research bronchoscopy procedure that includes oral sampling, BAL, endobronchial biopsy, and brushing can be safely performed. Airway characteristics during bronchoscopy, demographics, asthma or COPD, and lung function may convey increased risk for procedure-related events necessitating intervention.