Premenstrual dysphoric disorder in Arab women: Validation and cultural adaptation of the Arabic version of the premenstrual screening tool
Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is not well-studied in Arab populations. The goal of this study was to validate the Arabic version of the Premenstrual Symptoms Screening Tool (PSST) using the DSM diagnosis of PMDD as the gold standard. The PSST was translated and culturally adapted using back translation and the approval of the original author. We recruited 194 adult women (between October 2013 and March 2014) from two primary care centers in Doha, Qatar. A psychiatrist determined the diagnosis using the semi-structured Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview, and another rater blinded to the diagnosis finalized the Arabic PSST and administered other clinical questionnaires. The data showed that premenstrual symptoms and PMDD were observed in about 37 percent and 15 percent, respectively, of the women enrolled. The mean age of the women with PMDD according to the PSST was about 30 years, and the majority had children. The Arabic PSST showed high specificity of 95.6 percent but low sensitivity of 26.7 percent. A factor analysis of the different items in Arabic PSST showed that the Arabic PSST could detect the cases with definite PMDD and thus can be a useful tool in primary care settings as this treatable disorder is underdiagnosed in the Arab populations.