Phonotraumatic Injury in Fitness Instructors: Risk Factors, Diagnoses, and Treatment Methods Academic Article uri icon


MeSH Major

  • Glottis
  • Laryngeal Neoplasms
  • Laser Therapy


  • Fitness instructors are subject to a variety of phonotraumatic vocal fold injuries, nearly half which require surgical treatment. One in four recurs after such intervention. Instructors could benefit greatly from education on vocal health, strategies to improve and/or reduce voice use while in the fitness environment, and to help aid in recognizing early "red flags" for phonotraumatic injury. Occupational factors that place fitness instructors at risk for phonotraumatic injury (scheduling, environment, amplification) may be improved with education directed to studio owners and managers.

publication date

  • January 2018



  • Academic Article



  • eng

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jvoice.2018.10.001

PubMed ID

  • 30393049