Expression of AR-V7 and ARv 567es in Circulating Tumor Cells Correlates with Outcomes to Taxane Therapy in Men with Metastatic Prostate Cancer Treated in TAXYNERGY Academic Article uri icon

Overview

MeSH Major

  • Urologic Neoplasms

abstract

  • ©2018 American Association for Cancer Research. PURPOSE: Biomarkers aiding treatment optimization in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) are scarce. The presence or absence of androgen receptor (AR) splice variants, AR-V7 and ARv567es, in mCRPC patient circulating tumor cells (CTC) may be associated with taxane treatment outcomes.Experimental Design: A novel digital droplet PCR (ddPCR) assay assessed AR-splice variant expression in CTCs from patients receiving docetaxel or cabazitaxel in TAXYNERGY (NCT01718353). Patient outcomes were examined according to AR-splice variant expression, including prostate-specific antigen (PSA)50 response and progression-free survival (PFS). RESULTS: Of the 54 evaluable patients, 36 (67%) were AR-V7+, 42 (78%) were ARv567es+, 29 (54%) were double positive, and 5 (9%) were double negative. PSA50 response rates at any time were numerically higher for AR-V7- versus AR-V7+ (78% vs. 58%; P = 0.23) and for ARv567es- versus ARv567es+ (92% vs. 57%; P = 0.04) patients. When AR-V mRNA status was correlated with change in nuclear AR from cycle 1 day 1 to day 8 (n = 24), AR-V7+ patients (n = 16) had a 0.4% decrease versus a 12.9% and 26.7% decrease in AR-V7-/ARv567es- (n = 3) and AR-V7-/ARv567es+ (n = 5) patients, respectively, suggesting a dominant role for AR-V7 over ARv567es. Median PFS was 12.02 versus 8.48 months for AR-V7- versus AR-V7+ (HR = 0.38; P = 0.01), and 12.71 versus 7.29 months for ARv567es- versus ARv567es+ (HR = 0.37; P = 0.02). For AR-V7+, AR-V7-/ARv567es+, and AR-V7-/ARv567es- patients, median PFS was 8.48, 11.17, and 16.62 months, respectively (P = 0.0013 for trend). CONCLUSIONS: Although detection of both CTC-specific AR-V7 and ARv567es by ddPCR influenced taxane outcomes, AR-V7 primarily mediated the prognostic impact. The absence of both variants was associated with the best response and PFS with taxane treatment.See related commentary by Dehm et al., p. 1696.

publication date

  • March 15, 2019

Research

keywords

  • Academic Article

Identity

Language

  • eng

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-18-0320

PubMed ID

  • 30301829

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 1880

end page

  • 1888

volume

  • 25

number

  • 6