Tumor copy number alteration burden is a pan-cancer prognostic factor associated with recurrence and death Academic Article uri icon

Overview

MeSH Major

  • Prostatectomy
  • Prostatic Neoplasms

abstract

  • The level of copy number alteration (CNA), termed CNA burden, in the tumor genome is associated with recurrence of primary prostate cancer. Whether CNA burden is associated with prostate cancer survival or outcomes in other cancers is unknown. We analyzed the CNA landscape of conservatively treated prostate cancer in a biopsy and transurethral resection cohort, reflecting an increasingly common treatment approach. We find that CNA burden is prognostic for cancer-specific death, independent of standard clinical prognosticators. More broadly, we find CNA burden is significantly associated with disease-free and overall survival in primary breast, endometrial, renal clear cell, thyroid, and colorectal cancer in TCGA cohorts. To assess clinical applicability, we validated these findings in an independent pan-cancer cohort of patients whose tumors were sequenced using a clinically-certified next generation sequencing assay (MSK-IMPACT), where prognostic value varied based on cancer type. This prognostic association was affected by incorporating tumor purity in some cohorts. Overall, CNA burden of primary and metastatic tumors is a prognostic factor, potentially modulated by sample purity and measurable by current clinical sequencing.

publication date

  • September 4, 2018

Research

keywords

  • Academic Article

Identity

Language

  • eng

PubMed Central ID

  • PMC6145837

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.7554/eLife.37294

PubMed ID

  • 30178746

Additional Document Info

volume

  • 7