Sino-Orbital Fungal Infection by Tilletiopsis minor, a Rare Human Pathogen, Diagnosed by Internal Transcribed Spacer Sequencing
Eye Infections, Fungal
Paranasal Sinus Diseases
Orbital infection can be caused by numerous pathogens, and accurate diagnosis informs appropriate therapy. The authors report a case of a 78-year-old man with well-controlled diabetes mellitus and recurrent sino-orbital infection following multiple surgical procedures with negative microbiologic results. This case presented a diagnostic and treatment challenge and was aided by the use of internal transcribed spacer sequencing for pathogen identification. The fungal pathogen, Tilletiopsis minor, has not previously been described as a human pathogen in the sinus and orbit. This report describes a novel orbital pathogen and highlights the importance of diagnostic diligence and utilizing internal transcribed spacer sequencing in the workup of atypical orbital infection.