Nutritional Support from the Intestinal Microbiota Improves Hematopoietic Reconstitution after Bone Marrow Transplantation in Mice Academic Article uri icon


MeSH Major

  • Graft vs Host Disease
  • Immunity, Innate
  • Lymphocytes
  • Thymus Gland


  • Bone marrow transplantation (BMT) offers curative potential for patients with high-risk hematologic malignancies, but the post-transplantation period is characterized by profound immunodeficiency. Recent studies indicate that the intestinal microbiota not only regulates mucosal immunity, but canĀ also contribute to systemic immunity and hematopoiesis. Using antibiotic-mediated microbiota depletion in a syngeneic BMT mouse model, here we describe a role for the intestinal flora in hematopoietic recovery after BMT. Depletion of the intestinal microbiota resulted in impaired recovery of lymphocyte and neutrophil counts, while recovery of the hematopoietic stem and progenitor compartments and the erythroid lineage were largely unaffected. Depletion of the intestinal microbiota also reduced dietary energy uptake and visceral fat stores. Caloric supplementation through sucrose in the drinking water improved post-BMT hematopoietic recovery in mice with a depleted intestinal flora. Taken together, we show that the intestinal microbiota contribute to post-BMT hematopoietic reconstitution in mice through improved dietary energy uptake.

publication date

  • January 2018



  • Academic Article



  • eng

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.chom.2018.03.002

PubMed ID

  • 29576480

Additional Document Info