Height, obesity, and the risk of TMPRSS2: ERG-Defined prostate cancer
Gene Rearrangement, gamma-Chain T-Cell Antigen Receptor
Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, gamma-delta
© 2017 American Association for Cancer Research. Background: The largest molecular subtype of primary prostate cancer is defined by the TMPRSS2:ERG gene fusion. Few studies, however, have investigated etiologic differences by TMPRSS2:ERG status. Because the fusion is hormone-regulated and a man's hormonal milieu varies by height and obesity status, we hypothesized that both May be differentially associated with risk of TMPRSS2:ERG-defined disease. Methods: Our study included 49,372 men from the prospective Health Professionals Follow-up Study. Participants reported height and weight at baseline in 1986 and updated weight biennially thereafter through 2009. Tumor ERG protein expression (a TMPRSS2:ERG marker) was immuno-histochemically assessed. We used multivariable competing risks models to calculate HRs and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the risk of ERG-positive and ERG-negative prostate cancer. Results: During 23 years of follow-up, we identified 5,847 incident prostate cancers, among which 913 were ERG-assayed. Taller height was associated with an increased risk of ERG-positive disease only [per 5 inches HR 1.24; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.03–1.50; Pheterogeneity¼ 0.07]. Higher body mass index (BMI) at baseline (per 5 kg/m2HR 0.75; 95% CI, 0.61–0.91; Pheterogeneity¼ 0.02) and updated BMI over time (per 5 kg/m2HR 0.86; 95% CI, 0.74–1.00; Pheterogeneity¼ 0.07) were associated with a reduced risk of ERG-positive disease only. Conclusions: Our results indicate that anthropometrics May be uniquely associated with TMPRSS2:ERG-positive prostate cancer; taller height May be associated with greater risk, whereas obesity May be associated with lower risk. Impact: Our study provides strong rationale for further investigations of other prostate cancer risk factors that May be distinctly associated with subtypes. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev; 27(2); 193–200. 2017 AACR.
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