Electronic Health Record Phenotypes for Precision Medicine: Perspectives and Caveats From Treatment of Breast Cancer at a Single Institution Academic Article uri icon

Overview

MeSH Major

  • Depressive Disorder, Major
  • Electronic Health Records
  • Primary Health Care

abstract

  • Precision medicine is at the forefront of biomedical research. Cancer registries provide rich perspectives and electronic health records (EHRs) are commonly utilized to gather additional clinical data elements needed for translational research. However, manual annotation is resource-intense and not readily scalable. Informatics-based phenotyping presents an ideal solution, but perspectives obtained can be impacted by both data source and algorithm selection. We derived breast cancer (BC) receptor status phenotypes from structured and unstructured EHR data using rule-based algorithms, including natural language processing (NLP). Overall, the use of NLP increased BC receptor status coverage by 39.2% from 69.1% with structured medication information alone. Using all available EHR data, estrogen receptor-positive BC cases were ascertained with high precision (P = 0.976) and recall (R = 0.987) compared with gold standard chart-reviewed patients. However, status negation (R = 0.591) decreased 40.2% when relying on structured medications alone. Using multiple EHR data types (and thorough understanding of the perspectives offered) are necessary to derive robust EHR-based precision medicine phenotypes.

publication date

  • January 2018

Research

keywords

  • Academic Article

Identity

Language

  • eng

PubMed Central ID

  • PMC5759745

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/cts.12514

PubMed ID

  • 29084368

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 85

end page

  • 92

volume

  • 11

number

  • 1