Does Use of Text-to-Speech and Related Read-Aloud Tools Improve Reading Comprehension for Students With Reading Disabilities? A Meta-Analysis Academic Article uri icon


MeSH Major

  • Aging
  • Decision Making
  • Mental Recall
  • Task Performance and Analysis


  • Text-to-speech and related read-aloud tools are being widely implemented in an attempt to assist students' reading comprehension skills. Read-aloud software, including text-to-speech, is used to translate written text into spoken text, enabling one to listen to written text while reading along. It is not clear how effective text-to-speech is at improving reading comprehension. This study addresses this gap in the research by conducting a meta-analysis on the effects of text-to-speech technology and related read-aloud tools on reading comprehension for students with reading difficulties. Random effects models yielded an average weighted effect size of ([Formula: see text] = .35, with a 95% confidence interval of .14 to .56, p < .01). Moderator effects of study design were found to explain some of the variance. Taken together, this suggests that text-to-speech technologies may assist students with reading comprehension. However, more studies are needed to further explore the moderating variables of text-to-speech and read-aloud tools' effectiveness for improving reading comprehension. Implications and recommendations for future research are discussed.

publication date

  • January 2018



  • Academic Article



  • eng

PubMed Central ID

  • PMC5494021

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1177/0022219416688170

PubMed ID

  • 28112580

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 73

end page

  • 84


  • 51


  • 1