Current concepts in diagnosis, molecular features, and management of Lobular carcinoma in situ of the breast with a discussion of morphologic variants
Breast Carcinoma In Situ
- Lobular carcinoma in situ represents a marker for increased risk of breast cancer, as well as a nonobligate precursor to invasive carcinoma. Morphologic variants of LCIS-florid and pleomorphic LCIS-are genetically more-complex lesions and are more likely to be associated with invasive carcinoma. Further investigation into which molecular alterations in LCIS are associated with progression to invasive carcinoma is needed to help guide medical and surgical management.