Kawasaki Disease Substantially Impacts Health-Related Quality of Life
Mentally Ill Persons
Quality of Life
Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological
© 2017 Elsevier Inc. Objective: To prospectively evaluate the acute impact of Kawasaki disease (KD) on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and to assess deterioration in the HRQoL experienced by children with KD compared with other childhood diseases. Study design: We merged the Outcomes Assessment Program database obtained prospectively with the existing KD database and queried for KD admissions between 1 month and 13 years of age. HRQoL was evaluated with the parent-proxy Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) 4.0 Generic Core and Infant Scales. We compared the KD HRQoL results with those obtained from newly diagnosed patients with cancer and pneumonia, matched for age, sex and race. PedsQL total scores over time were assessed with ANCOVA models, adjusted for matching variables and PedsQL score prior to admission. Results: We identified 89 patients with KD and compared 65 subjects with an equal number with pneumonia and with 67 subjects with newly diagnosed cancer. Patients with demonstrated lower PedsQL total score on admission and suffered a significantly greater HRQoL decline from baseline to admission than the other groups. KD diagnostic subtype (complete or incomplete) and coronary artery dilatation were not associated with HRQoL outcomes. However, non-intravenous immunoglobulin responders showed greater HRQoL decline than responders (P =.03). Conclusions: Children with KD suffer acute and significant HRQoL impairment exceeding that of children newly diagnosed with cancer. Lack of immediate treatment response may exert an additional HRQoL burden, whereas KD subtype and coronary artery dilatation do not.
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