Regulation of inflammation by microbiota interactions with the host Review uri icon


MeSH Major

  • Gastrointestinal Microbiome
  • Infection
  • Inflammation
  • Neoplasms


  • The study of the intestinal microbiota has begun to shift from cataloging individual members of the commensal community to understanding their contributions to the physiology of the host organism in health and disease. Here, we review the effects of the microbiome on innate and adaptive immunological players from epithelial cells and antigen-presenting cells to innate lymphoid cells and regulatory T cells. We discuss recent studies that have identified diverse microbiota-derived bioactive molecules and their effects on inflammation within the intestine and distally at sites as anatomically remote as the brain. Finally, we highlight new insights into how the microbiome influences the host response to infection, vaccination and cancer, as well as susceptibility to autoimmune and neurodegenerative disorders.

publication date

  • July 19, 2017



  • Review



  • eng

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1038/ni.3780

PubMed ID

  • 28722709

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 851

end page

  • 860


  • 18


  • 8