Inherited determinants of early recurrent somatic mutations in prostate cancer
Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf
Twist-Related Protein 2
Prostate cancer is a highly heritable molecularly and clinically heterogeneous disease. To discover germline events involved in prostate cancer predisposition, we develop a computational approach to nominate heritable facilitators of somatic genomic events in the context of the androgen receptor signaling. Here, we use a ranking score and benign prostate transcriptomes to identify a non-coding polymorphic regulatory element at 7p14.3 that associates with DNA repair and hormone-regulated transcript levels and with an early recurrent prostate cancer-specific somatic mutation in the Speckle-Type POZ protein (SPOP) gene. The locus shows allele-specific activity that is concomitantly modulated by androgen receptor and by CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein (C/EBP) beta (CEBPB). Deletion of this locus via CRISPR-Cas9 leads to deregulation of the genes predicted to interact with the 7p14.3 locus by Hi-C chromosome conformation capture data. This study suggests that a polymorphism at 7p14.3 may predispose to SPOP mutant prostate cancer subclass through a hormone-dependent DNA damage response.Prostate cancer is a heterogeneous disease, and many cases show somatic mutations of SPOP. Here, the authors show that a non-coding polymorphic regulatory element at 7p14.3 may predispose to SPOP mutant prostate cancer subclass through a hormone dependent DNA damage response.