Pro- and Antiarrhythmic Actions of Sulfonylureas: Mechanistic and Clinical Evidence Review uri icon

Overview

MeSH Major

  • Cardiovascular Diseases
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
  • Hypoglycemic Agents

abstract

  • Sulfonylureas are the most commonly used second-line drug class for treating type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). While the cardiovascular safety of sulfonylureas has been examined in several trials and nonrandomized studies, little is known of their specific effects on sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) and related serious arrhythmic outcomes. This knowledge gap is striking, because persons with DM are at increased risk of SCA. In this review, we explore the influence of sulfonylureas on the risk of serious arrhythmias, with specific foci on ischemic preconditioning, cardiac excitability, and serious hypoglycemia as putative mechanisms. Elucidating the relationship between individual sulfonylureas and serious arrhythmias is critical, especially as the diabetes epidemic intensifies and SCA incidence increases in persons with diabetes.

publication date

  • January 2017

Research

keywords

  • Review

Identity

Language

  • eng

PubMed Central ID

  • PMC5522643

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.tem.2017.04.003

PubMed ID

  • 28545784

Additional Document Info