Respiratory symptoms items from the COPD assessment test identify ever-smokers with preserved lung function at higher risk for poor respiratory outcomes an analysis of the subpopulations and intermediate outcome measures in COPD Study cohort
Endothelial Growth Factors
Gene Expression Regulation
Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
Four CAT items on respiratory symptoms identified high-risk symptomatic ever-smokers with preserved spirometry as well as the CAT did. These data suggest that simpler strategies can be developed to identify these high-risk individuals in primary care.