Implementing a Pain Self-Management Protocol in Home Care: A Cluster-Randomized Pragmatic Trial.
To determine the effectiveness of a cognitive-behavioral pain self-management (CBPSM) protocol delivered by physical therapists (PTs) for use by older adults with activity-limiting pain receiving home care.
A randomized pragmatic trial comparing delivery of the intervention plus usual care with usual care alone.
Individuals aged 55 and older admitted with orders for physical therapy who endorsed activity-limiting pain and reported pain scores of 3 or greater on a scale from 0 to 10 (N = 588).
A CBPSM protocol delivered by PTs.
Primary outcomes were assessed at 60 days using validated measures of pain-related disability, pain intensity, gait speed, and number of activity of daily living (ADL) deficits.
Of 588 participants, 285 received care from a PT randomized to the intervention and 303 from a PT randomized to the usual care group. Both groups had significant reductions in pain-related disability, pain intensity, and ADL limitations and improved gait speed. No significant treatment differences were identified. There were no consistent treatment differences when interactions and subgroups were examined.
This real-world pragmatic trial found no effect of implementation of a pain self-management intervention in a home care setting. Despite the lack of positive findings, future studies are indicated to determine how similar protocols that have been found to be effective in efficacy studies can be successfully implemented in routine clinical care.
© 2017, Copyright the Authors Journal compilation © 2017, The American Geriatrics Society.
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