Utility of Pre-Induction Ventriculoatrial Response to Adenosine in the Diagnosis of Orthodromic Reciprocating Tachycardia
Accessory Atrioventricular Bundle
Electrophysiologic Techniques, Cardiac
© 2017 American College of Cardiology FoundationObjectives This study sought to evaluate the utility of ventriculoatrial (VA) conduction patterns in response to adenosine in predicting inducibility of orthodromic reciprocating tachycardia (ORT). Background Adenosine is known to consistently block atrioventricular (AV) nodal conduction. We hypothesized that persistent VA conduction despite administration of adenosine would have a high predictive value for identifying the presence of a retrograde accessory pathway (AP) and associated ORT. Methods A total of 168 patients undergoing electrophysiological study for supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) had assessment of VA conduction during ventricular pacing and adenosine administration. Standard pacing maneuvers were then used for induction and diagnosis of the SVT mechanism. Results Absence of VA block to adenosine (doses up to 24 mg) had 88% sensitivity and 91% specificity for identifying ORT (positive predictive value 76%, negative predictive value 96%). Four patients with adenosine-induced VA block and inducible ORT had decremental APs. Adenosine caused VA block in 6 patients with eccentric VA activation due to atypical AV nodal conduction, and concentric VA conduction persisted in all 12 patients with a septal AP. Adenosine unmasked free-wall APs in 10 patients by blocking AV nodal conduction, shifting VA activation from concentric to eccentric. Conclusions The response of VA conduction to adenosine is a highly sensitive and specific method for detecting retrograde AP conduction and inducible ORT. Adenosine-induced VA block rules out inducible ORT due to a nondecremental AP. In cases of VA fusion, adenosine-induced block of AV nodal conduction can delineate the location of the AP atrial insertion site.
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