Assessment of Glycolytic Flux and Mitochondrial Respiration in the Course of Autophagic Responses
© 2016 Elsevier Inc.Autophagy is an evolutionarily conserved process that mediates prominent homeostatic functions, both at the cellular and organismal level. Indeed, baseline autophagy not only ensures the disposal of cytoplasmic entities that may become cytotoxic upon accumulation, but also contributes to the maintenance of metabolic fitness in physiological conditions. Likewise, autophagy plays a fundamental role in the cellular and organismal adaptation to homeostatic perturbations of metabolic, physical, or chemical nature. Thus, the molecular machinery for autophagy is functionally regulated by a broad panel of sensors that detect indicators of metabolic homeostasis. Moreover, increases in autophagic flux have a direct impact on core metabolic circuitries including (but not limited to) glycolysis and mitochondrial respiration. Here, we detail a simple methodological approach to monitor these two processes in cultured cancer cells that mount a proficient autophagic response to stress.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)