Endothelial-specific inhibition of NF-κB enhances functional haematopoiesis Academic Article uri icon


MeSH Major

  • Bone Development
  • Endosomal Sorting Complexes Required for Transport
  • NF-kappa B
  • Osteoclasts
  • Signal Transduction


  • Haematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) reside in distinct niches within the bone marrow (BM) microenvironment, comprised of endothelial cells (ECs) and tightly associated perivascular constituents that regulate haematopoiesis through the expression of paracrine factors. Here we report that the canonical NF-κB pathway in the BM vascular niche is a critical signalling axis that regulates HSC function at steady state and following myelosuppressive insult, in which inhibition of EC NF-κB promotes improved HSC function and pan-haematopoietic recovery. Mice expressing an endothelial-specific dominant negative IκBα cassette under the Tie2 promoter display a marked increase in HSC activity and self-renewal, while promoting the accelerated recovery of haematopoiesis following myelosuppression, in part through protection of the BM microenvironment following radiation and chemotherapeutic-induced insult. Moreover, transplantation of NF-κB-inhibited BM ECs enhanced haematopoietic recovery and protected mice from pancytopenia-induced death. These findings pave the way for development of niche-specific cellular approaches for the treatment of haematological disorders requiring myelosuppressive regimens.

publication date

  • December 21, 2016



  • Academic Article



  • eng

PubMed Central ID

  • PMC5187502

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1038/ncomms13829

PubMed ID

  • 28000664

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 13829


  • 7