The Bicentennial of the Stethoscope: 1816 to 2016
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Molecular Targeted Therapy
Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-met
© 2016.This year marks the bicentennial of the invention of the stethoscope by René Théophile Hyacinthe Laennec in 1816, working at the Necker Hospital in Paris. Mediate auscultation was a logical evolution within French clinical empiricism that combined elucidated physical signs with autopsy correlation to provide diagnostic insight into diseases of the lungs and heart. Over the past 2 centuries, the stethoscope has brought the doctor and patient closer together, and it has become a fundamental tool in medical practice and the symbol of the clinician.
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