Effortful control, rejection sensitivity, and borderline personality disorder features in adulthood Academic Article uri icon


MeSH Major

  • Borderline Personality Disorder
  • Rejection (Psychology)
  • Self Efficacy
  • Stress, Psychological
  • Students


  • © 2016 The Guilford Press.This investigation examined the moderating role of effortful control (EC) in the association between rejection sensitivity (RS) and its subsequent interpersonal distress (IP-distress) on borderline personality disorder (BPD) features. In total, 625 multicultural undergraduates (Study 1) and 562 community international adults (Study 2) completed scales evaluating EC, RS, IP-distress, and BPD features; Study 2 participants also self-reported both anxious and angry expectations of rejection. In both samples, EC moderated the mediating effect of IP-distress in the link between RS and BPD-related psychopathology. The extent to which RS was associated with BPD symptoms through increased IP-distress was greater for individuals with low EC and less so for those with high EC. Thus, low self-regulatory abilities may foster the association between RS and BPD by magnifying interpersonal distress. The implications and limitations of findings are discussed.

publication date

  • October 2016



  • Academic Article



  • eng

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1521/pedi_2015_29_226

PubMed ID

  • 26623540

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 595

end page

  • 612


  • 30


  • 5