Inflammatory myopathies and lymphoma Review uri icon


MeSH Major

  • Immunologic Factors
  • Lymphoma
  • Myositis


  • The inflammatory myopathies comprise a group of immune-mediated muscle diseases. Lymphoma is a term for a variety of lymphatic system malignancies. Autoimmune diseases and lymphoproliferative malignancies share a complex bidirectional relationship. A causal relationship between inflammatory mypathies and lymphoma has not been established. The diagnosis/treatment of inflammatory myopathy usually precedes the detection/diagnosis of lymphoma. Immune system dysregulation presumably underlies the evolution of lymphoma in patients with inflammatory myopathies. Inflammatory activity with chronic B-cell activation and/or antigen stimulation is deemed the major risk factor for lymphoma in patients with autoimmunity. A "paraneoplastic" phenomenon or the effects of immunosuppressive therapy may be alternative immune-based mechanisms. In chronic lymphocytic leukemia immune system disturbance rarely results in non-hematological autoimmune disease, including inflammatory myopathies.

publication date

  • October 15, 2016



  • Review



  • eng

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jns.2016.08.060

PubMed ID

  • 27653927

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 377

end page

  • 89


  • 369