Pulmonary abnormalities in young, light-use waterpipe (Hookah) smokers
Pulmonary Diffusing Capacity
Tobacco Use Disorder
Young, light-use, waterpipe-only smokers have a variety of abnormalities in multiple lung-related biological and clinical parameters, suggesting that even limited waterpipe use has broad consequences on human lung biology and health. We suggest that large epidemiological studies should be initiated to investigate the harmful effects of waterpipe smoking.