Development of the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease morning symptom diary (COPD-MSD). Academic Article uri icon

Overview

MeSH

  • Aged
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Qualitative Research
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Surveys and Questionnaires

MeSH Major

  • Medical Records
  • Patients
  • Psychometrics
  • Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
  • Quality of Life

abstract

  • The morning tends to be the most difficult time of day for many patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) when symptoms can limit one's ability to perform even simple activities. Morning symptoms have been linked to higher levels of work absenteeism, thereby increasing the already substantial economic burden associated with COPD. A validated patient-reported outcome (PRO) instrument designed to capture morning symptoms will allow for a more comprehensive approach to the evaluation of treatment benefit in COPD clinical trials. A qualitative interview study was conducted among a sample of symptomatic adults with COPD. Concept elicitation interviews (n = 35) were conducted to identify COPD morning symptoms, followed by cognitive interviews (n = 21) to ensure patient comprehension of the items, instructions and response options of the draft COPD Morning Symptom Diary (COPD-MSD). All interview transcript data were coded using ATLAS.ti software for content analysis. Mean age of the concept elicitation and cognitive interview sample was 65.0 years (±7.5) and 62.3 years (±8.3), respectively. The study sample represented the full range of COPD severity (Global Initiative for Chronic Lung Disease [GOLD] classifications I-IV) and included a mix of racial backgrounds, employment status and educational achievement. During the concept elicitation interviews, the three most frequently reported morning symptoms were shortness of breath (n = 35/35; 100 %), phlegm/mucus (n = 31/35; 88.6 %), and cough (n = 30/35; 85.7 %). A group of clinical and instrument development experts convened to review the concept elicitation data and develop the initial 32-item draft COPD-MSD. Cognitive interviews indicated subjects found the draft COPD-MSD to be comprehensive, clear, and easy to understand. The COPD-MSD underwent minor editorial revisions and streamlining based on cognitive interviews and input from the experts to yield the final 19-item daily diary. This study supports the content validity of the new COPD-MSD and positions the diary for quantitative psychometric testing.

publication date

  • July 16, 2016

has subject area

  • Aged
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Medical Records
  • Middle Aged
  • Patients
  • Psychometrics
  • Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
  • Qualitative Research
  • Quality of Life
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Surveys and Questionnaires

Research

keywords

  • Journal Article
  • Validation Studies

Identity

Language

  • eng

PubMed Central ID

  • PMC4947344

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1186/s12955-016-0506-7

PubMed ID

  • 27424173

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 104

volume

  • 14

number

  • 1