Recipient-derived EBV-positive Monomorphic Plasmacytoma Type Posttransplant Lymphoproliferative Disorder After Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplant for Severe Aplastic Anemia: A Case Report
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Monomorphic plasmacytoma-type posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) has not been reported after pediatric hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. We present a child with hepatitis-associated severe aplastic anemia who underwent an unrelated allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and subsequently developed graft failure and an Epstein-Barr virus-positive monomorphic plasmacytoma-type PTLD of recipient origin. Despite broad-spectrum antimicrobials, weaning immunosuppression, rituximab administration, and a stem cell boost she died from complications of PTLD and a fungal pulmonary infection on day +78.