Determinants of radical cystectomy operative time
High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound Ablation
Operative times for cystectomy have been steadily decreasing annually. There is notable variation based on academic affiliation, diversion type and extent of lymphadenectomy, surgeon and hospital volumes, as well as use of anesthetic procedures. Efforts to improve operative time by selective referral to high-volume surgeons or hospitals or both, or judicious use of perioperative procedures may have a positive effect on health care costs and overall quality of care for patients undergoing radical cystectomy for bladder cancer.