Rosai–Dorfman Disease Harboring an Activating KRAS K117N Missense Mutation Academic Article uri icon


MeSH Major

  • Histiocytosis, Sinus
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras)


  • Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD) or sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy is a rare histiocytic proliferation that is generally considered to be reactive with a benign clinical course. The etiology of RDD is very poorly understood. Recent studies have shown frequent BRAF, NRAS, KRAS, and PIK3CA activating mutations in several histiocytic neoplasms highlighting the emerging importance of the RAF/MEK/ERK pathway in the pathogenesis of these diseases. Here we report a case of Rosai-Dorfman disease involving the submandibular salivary gland with a KRAS K117N missense mutation discovered by next-generation sequencing. These results suggest that at least a subset of RDD cases may be clonal processes. Further mutational studies on this rare histiocytic disease should be undertaken to better characterize its pathogenesis as well as open up potential avenues for therapy.

publication date

  • February 27, 2016



  • Academic Article



  • eng

PubMed Central ID

  • PMC4972763

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s12105-016-0709-6

PubMed ID

  • 26922062

Additional Document Info