Credit where due Academic Article uri icon


MeSH Major

  • Biomedical Research
  • Cooperative Behavior
  • Nobel Prize
  • Vascular Surgical Procedures


  • The history of medicine is filled with stories of tireless researchers who failed to get credit for their hard work. Examples of this include Rosalind Franklin, who helped to elucidate the structure of DNA; Frederick Banting, who helped to discover insulin; and Jay McLean, who discovered heparin. The founding of the field of vascular surgery provides one of the most vivid examples of uncredited work. Even though Alexis Carrel was an unpaid, untitled assistant in Charles Guthrie's laboratory, it was Carrel alone who received a Nobel Prize for their work. In an attempt to give credit where due, the reasons for this injustice are described.

publication date

  • February 24, 2016



  • Academic Article



  • eng

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jvs.2016.04.033

PubMed ID

  • 27288106

Additional Document Info