Comparison of Length of Stay, 30-Day Mortality, and 30-Day Readmission Rates in Medicare Patients With Heart Failure and With Reduced Versus Preserved Ejection Fraction
Length of Stay
Length of stay (LOS), 30-day mortality, and 30-day readmission rates have not been compared between Medicare beneficiaries with heart failure (HF) with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) and beneficiaries with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), although HFpEF is common in patients with HF. To determine whether type of HF (HFrEF or HFpEF) was associated with LOS, 30-day mortality, and 30-day readmission, we used a cohort of 19,477 Medicare beneficiaries admitted to the hospital and discharged alive with a primary discharge diagnosis of HF between 2007 and 2011. Gamma regression, Poisson regression, and Cox proportional hazards with a competing risk for death were used to model LOS, 30-day mortality, and 30-day readmission rate, respectively. All models were adjusted for HF severity, co-morbidities, demographics, nursing home residence, and calendar year of admission. Beneficiaries with HFpEF had an LOS 0.02 days shorter than beneficiaries with HFrEF and a nearly identical 30-day readmission rate. Thirty-day mortality was 10% lower in beneficiaries with HFpEF versus HFrEF. In conclusion, readmission rates were as high in those with HFpEF as they are in those with HFrEF, with comparable LOS in the hospital.