Inhibition of HIF-prolyl-4-hydroxylases prevents mitochondrial impairment and cell death in a model of neuronal oxytosis Academic Article uri icon


MeSH Major

  • Hydroxyquinolines
  • Hypoxia-Inducible Factor-Proline Dioxygenases
  • Neurons
  • Procollagen-Proline Dioxygenase
  • Prolyl-Hydroxylase Inhibitors


  • Mitochondrial impairment induced by oxidative stress is a main characteristic of intrinsic cell death pathways in neurons underlying the pathology of neurodegenerative diseases. Therefore, protection of mitochondrial integrity and function is emerging as a promising strategy to prevent neuronal damage. Here, we show that pharmacological inhibition of hypoxia-inducible factor prolyl-4-hydroxylases (HIF-PHDs) by adaptaquin inhibits lipid peroxidation and fully maintains mitochondrial function as indicated by restored mitochondrial membrane potential and ATP production, reduced formation of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) and preserved mitochondrial respiration, thereby protecting neuronal HT-22 cells in a model of glutamate-induced oxytosis. Selective reduction of PHD1 protein using CRISPR/Cas9 technology also reduced both lipid peroxidation and mitochondrial impairment, and attenuated glutamate toxicity in the HT-22 cells. Regulation of activating transcription factor 4 (ATF4) expression levels and related target genes may mediate these beneficial effects. Overall, these results expose HIF-PHDs as promising targets to protect mitochondria and, thereby, neurons from oxidative cell death.

publication date

  • May 5, 2016



  • Academic Article



  • eng

PubMed Central ID

  • PMC4917646

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1038/cddis.2016.107

PubMed ID

  • 27148687

Additional Document Info

start page

  • e2214


  • 7