Impact of end-of-life discussions on the reduction of Latino/non-Latino disparities in do-not-resuscitate order completion. Academic Article Article uri icon

Overview

MeSH

  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Advance Directives
  • Catholicism
  • Critical Care
  • Female
  • Hospitals, County
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Quality of Health Care
  • Regression Analysis
  • Religion and Medicine
  • Texas

MeSH Major

  • Communication
  • European Continental Ancestry Group
  • Hispanic Americans
  • Neoplasms
  • Resuscitation Orders
  • Terminal Care

abstract

  • Compared with non-Latino, white patients with advanced cancer, Latino patients with advanced cancer are less likely to sign do-not-resuscitate (DNR) orders, which is a form of advance care planning associated with better quality of life at the end of life (EOL). Latinos' completion of DNR orders may be more sensitive to clinical discussions regarding EOL care. The current study examined differences between Latino and white terminally ill patients with cancer with regard to the association between EOL discussions and DNR order completion. A total of 117 participants with advanced cancer (61 of whom were Latino and 56 of whom were non-Latino white individuals) were recruited between 2002 and 2008 from Parkland Hospital (a public hospital in Dallas, Texas) as part of the Coping with Cancer study, which is a large, multiinstitutional, prospective cohort study of patients with advanced cancer that is designed to examine social and psychological influences on EOL care. In structured interviews, patients reported if they had EOL discussions with their physicians, and if they completed DNR orders. The association between EOL discussions and DNR order completion was significantly greater in Latino compared with white patients, adjusting for potential confounds (interaction adjusted odds ratio, 6.64; P = .041). Latino patients who had an EOL discussion were >10 times more likely (adjusted odds ratio, 10.91; P = .001) to complete a DNR order than those who had not, and were found to be equally as likely to complete a DNR order as white patients. Differences in the impact of EOL discussions on DNR order completion may explain Latino/non-Latino ethnic disparities in DNR order completion in EOL care, and point to a means to eliminate those disparities. Cancer 2016;122:1749-56. © 2016 American Cancer Society. © 2016 American Cancer Society.

publication date

  • June 1, 2016

has subject area

  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Advance Directives
  • Catholicism
  • Communication
  • Critical Care
  • European Continental Ancestry Group
  • Female
  • Hispanic Americans
  • Hospitals, County
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasms
  • Quality of Health Care
  • Regression Analysis
  • Religion and Medicine
  • Resuscitation Orders
  • Terminal Care
  • Texas

Research

keywords

  • Comparative Study
  • Journal Article

Identity

Language

  • eng

PubMed Central ID

  • PMC5021070

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/cncr.29973

PubMed ID

  • 26992109

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 1749

end page

  • 1756

volume

  • 122

number

  • 11