The phenotypic legacy of admixture between modern humans and Neandertals. Academic Article uri icon

Overview

MeSH

  • Alleles
  • Animals
  • Depression
  • European Continental Ancestry Group
  • Evolution, Molecular
  • Genetic Variation
  • Genome, Human
  • Haplotypes
  • Humans
  • Keratosis, Actinic
  • Phenotype

MeSH Major

  • Disease
  • Neanderthals

abstract

  • Many modern human genomes retain DNA inherited from interbreeding with archaic hominins, such as Neandertals, yet the influence of this admixture on human traits is largely unknown. We analyzed the contribution of common Neandertal variants to over 1000 electronic health record (EHR)-derived phenotypes in ~28,000 adults of European ancestry. We discovered and replicated associations of Neandertal alleles with neurological, psychiatric, immunological, and dermatological phenotypes. Neandertal alleles together explained a significant fraction of the variation in risk for depression and skin lesions resulting from sun exposure (actinic keratosis), and individual Neandertal alleles were significantly associated with specific human phenotypes, including hypercoagulation and tobacco use. Our results establish that archaic admixture influences disease risk in modern humans, provide hypotheses about the effects of hundreds of Neandertal haplotypes, and demonstrate the utility of EHR data in evolutionary analyses. Copyright © 2016, American Association for the Advancement of Science.

publication date

  • February 12, 2016

has subject area

  • Alleles
  • Animals
  • Depression
  • Disease
  • European Continental Ancestry Group
  • Evolution, Molecular
  • Genetic Variation
  • Genome, Human
  • Haplotypes
  • Humans
  • Keratosis, Actinic
  • Neanderthals
  • Phenotype

Research

keywords

  • Journal Article

Identity

Language

  • eng

PubMed Central ID

  • PMC4849557

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1126/science.aad2149

PubMed ID

  • 26912863

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 737

end page

  • 741

volume

  • 351

number

  • 6274