Prognostic Biomarkers for Response to Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor-Targeted Therapy for Renal Cell Carcinoma
Carcinoma, Renal Cell
Molecular Targeted Therapy
Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
Improved understanding of renal carcinoma disease biology has led to the discovery and approval of five novel therapies targeting specific molecules in the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) biochemical pathway. Biomarker studies attempting to predict response to VEGF-targeted therapies have largely focused on circulating proteins, tissue-based molecules, and germline polymorphisms. Thus far studies have yielded conflicting results that require prospective validation; therefore no definitive biomarker has yet been integrated into the clinician's armamentarium. However, early analyses featuring genomic biomarkers have generated promising findings. This article provides an overview of available biomarkers evaluated with respect to VEGF-targeted therapies in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma.