Clinical evaluation of patients with chronic lower extremity venous disorder Chapter uri icon


MeSH Major

  • Ultrasonography, Doppler, Duplex
  • Venous Insufficiency


  • © Springer-Verlag London 2013. All rights are reserved.A number of patient historical risk factors can influence the development of superficial venous disease. Among those considered to be of fairly certain significance are: family history, age, pregnancy, and female gender [1]. Other factors of probable significance are: occupation requiring prolonged standing, obesity, physical activity involving heavy straining (exaggerated Valsalva's maneuver), sedentary occupation and/or lifestyle, neuromuscular disorder causing foot/calf muscle pump impairment, history of leg trauma, history of deep vein thrombosis, and connective tissue laxity [2, 3].

publication date

  • July 2013



  • Book Chapter


Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/978-1-4471-2891-5_5

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 25

end page

  • 31


  • 9781447128915