Design and structure of two HIV-1 clade c SOSIP.664 trimers that increase the arsenal of native-like env immunogens Academic Article uri icon


MeSH Major

  • Drug Design
  • HIV-1
  • Protein Multimerization
  • env Gene Products, Human Immunodeficiency Virus


  • A key challenge in the quest toward an HIV-1 vaccine is design of immunogens that can generate a broadly neutralizing antibody (bnAb) response against the enormous sequence diversity of the HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein (Env). We previously demonstrated that a recombinant, soluble, fully cleaved SOSIP.664 trimer based on the clade A BG505 sequence is a faithful antigenic and structural mimic of the native trimer in its prefusion conformation. Here, we sought clade C native-like trimers with comparable properties. We identified DU422 and ZM197M SOSIP.664 trimers as being appropriately thermostable (Tm of 63.4 °C and 62.7 °C, respectively) and predominantly native-like, as determined by negative-stain electron microscopy (EM). Size exclusion chromatography, ELISA, and surface plasmon resonance further showed that these trimers properly display epitopes for all of the major bnAb classes, including quaternary-dependent, trimer-apex (e.g., PGT145) and gp120/gp41 interface (e.g., PGT151) epitopes. A cryo-EM reconstruction of the ZM197M SOSIP.664 trimer complexed with VRC01 Fab against the CD4 binding site at subnanometer resolution revealed a striking overall similarity to its BG505 counterpart with expected local conformational differences in the gp120 V1, V2, and V4 loops. These stable clade C trimers contribute additional diversity to the pool of native-like Env immunogens as key components of strategies to induce bnAbs to HIV-1.

publication date

  • September 22, 2015



  • Academic Article



  • eng

PubMed Central ID

  • PMC4586835

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1073/pnas.1507793112

PubMed ID

  • 26372963

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 11947

end page

  • 52


  • 112


  • 38