Trial Watch: Adoptive cell transfer for oncological indications Review uri icon

Overview

MeSH Major

  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Cell Transformation, Neoplastic
  • Molecular Targeted Therapy
  • Neoplasms

abstract

  • One particular paradigm of anticancer immunotherapy relies on the administration of (potentially) tumor-reactive immune effector cells. Generally, these cells are obtained from autologous peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) ex vivo (in the context of appropriate expansion, activation and targeting protocols), and re-infused into lymphodepleted patients along with immunostimulatory agents. In spite of the consistent progress achieved throughout the past two decades in this field, no adoptive cell transfer (ACT)-based immunotherapeutic regimen is currently approved by regulatory agencies for use in cancer patients. Nonetheless, the interest of oncologists in ACT-based immunotherapy continues to increase. Accumulating clinical evidence indicates indeed that specific paradigms of ACT, such as the infusion of chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-expressing autologous T cells, are associated with elevated rates of durable responses in patients affected by various neoplasms. In line with this notion, clinical trials investigating the safety and therapeutic activity of ACT in cancer patients are being initiated at an ever increasing pace. Here, we review recent preclinical and clinical advances in the development of ACT-based immunotherapy for oncological indications.

publication date

  • January 2015

Research

keywords

  • Review

Identity

Language

  • eng

PubMed Central ID

  • PMC4590013

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1080/2162402X.2015.1046673

PubMed ID

  • 26451319

Additional Document Info

start page

  • e1046673

volume

  • 4

number

  • 11