Ambulatory Extended Recovery: Safely Transitioning to Overnight Observation for Minimally Invasive Prostatectomy
Early Detection of Cancer
© 2015 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc.Introduction: We evaluated the safety and efficacy of a clinical pathway designed and implemented to transition inpatient minimally invasive radical prostatectomy to a procedure with overnight observation. Methods: In April 2011 ambulatory extended recovery was implemented at our institution. This was a multidisciplinary program of preoperative teaching and postoperative care for patients undergoing minimally invasive radical prostatectomy. We compared the risk of requiring a more than 1-night hospital stay by patients treated with surgery the year before the program vs those treated after the program was initiated, adjusting for age, ASA® status and surgery type. We also examined the rates of readmission and urgent care visits within 48 hours, and 7 and 30 days before and after the program began. Results: The proportion of patients who stayed longer than 1 night was 53% in the year before initiating the ambulatory extended recovery program vs 8% during the program, representing an adjusted absolute risk decrease of 45% (95% CI 39-50, p <0.0001). There was no important predictor of a greater than 1-night length of stay among ambulatory extended recovery patients. Rates of readmission and urgent care visits were slightly lower during the ambulatory extended recovery phase with no significant difference between the groups. Conclusions: The ambulatory extended recovery program successfully transitioned most patients to a 1-night hospital stay without resulting in an increased rate of readmission or urgent care visits.
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