Interobserver variability of R.E.N.A.L., PADUA, and centrality index nephrometry score systems
Carcinoma, Renal Cell
Fellowships and Scholarships
Internship and Residency
Clinical experience reduces interobserver variability of existing nephrometry systems though not significantly and less so when using directly measureable anatomic variables. Consistently, only measures of tumor size and distance to intrarenal structures were useful in predicting clinically relevant outcomes.