Role of stereotactic radiosurgery in patients with more than four brain metastases Review uri icon

Overview

MeSH Major

  • Brain
  • Brain Neoplasms
  • Cranial Irradiation
  • Radiosurgery

abstract

  • For patients presenting with brain metastases, two methods of radiation treatment currently exist: stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) and whole-brain radiation therapy (WBRT). SRS is a minimally invasive to noninvasive technique that delivers a high dose of ionizing radiation to a precisely defined focal target volume, whereas WBRT involves multiple smaller doses of radiation delivered to the whole brain. Evidence exists from randomized controlled trials for SRS in the treatment of patients with one to four brain metastases. Patients with more than four brain metastases generally receive WBRT, which can effectively treat undetected metastases and protect against intracranial relapse. However, WBRT has been associated with an increased potential for toxic neurocognitive side effects, including memory loss and early dementia, and does not provide 100% protection against relapse. For this reason, physicians at many medical centers are opting to use SRS as first-line treatment for patients with more than four brain metastases, despite evidence showing an increased rate of intracranial relapse compared with WBRT. In light of the evolving use of SRS, this review will examine the available reports on institutional trials and outcomes for patients with more than four brain metastases treated with SRS alone as first-line therapy.

publication date

  • March 2013

Research

keywords

  • Review

Identity

Language

  • eng

PubMed Central ID

  • PMC3835313

PubMed ID

  • 24273642

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 181

end page

  • 93

volume

  • 2

number

  • 2