Myocardial calcifications: Pathophysiology, etiologies, differential diagnoses, and imaging findings
Radiographic Image Enhancement
Tomography, X-Ray Computed
Myocardial calcifications are not uncommonly encountered by the cardiac imager and may have a range of imaging appearances, from focal calcific deposits to diffuse myocardial involvement. A number of pathological processes can both cause and result from myocardial calcification; therefore, accurate identification and characterization are important. This pictorial essay will review the mechanisms, etiologies, imaging features, and differential diagnoses of myocardial calcification with imaging examples.