Evaluating and treating venous outflow stenoses is necessary for the successful open surgical treatment of arteriovenous fistula aneurysms
Arteriovenous Shunt, Surgical
Graft Occlusion, Vascular
There is a high association of venous outflow stenoses and AVFA. Comprehensive therapy should encompass treatment of any venous outflow stenoses before open AVFA repair. A two-stage repair may decrease tunneled hemodialysis catheter use in patients with multiple aneurysms.